Wednesday, September 30, 2009

3Jack's Translation of TGM: Part 8

Part 8 and all of its sub-sections will translate Chapter 7 of TGM. All Chapter 7 does is give a general overview of each of the 24 basic components of the golf swing. It does not go into details of the variations of these components, just a general overview and how the component works.

7-1 (Grips - Basic)

Basic grip is just a term for holding onto a grip. So that includes, overlap, double overlap, reverse overlap, interlock, 10-finger, etc.

The grips with hitters and swingers should differ only in tightness. Usually the hitter will grip the club tighter than the swinger because the swinger needs to have an 'oily' left wrist so centrifigul force can do its work. But the hitter doesn't use centrifigul force and has a very rigid or 'frozen' right wrist. Ted Fort likes to say that if you are a hitter, you should feel like you are gripping the club hard enough to leave permanent fingerprints on the club. Ben Doyle usually teaches a 'swinger' procedure and likes to tell his students to be able to grip the club hard, but with loose wrists.

7-2 (Grip Types)

Grip types is more about the relation of the left and right hand and basically gets into a 'strong, weak, neutral' grips.

Homer states that if the hitter moves the ball back in their stance, they are setting themselves up for a hook. Conversely, if they move the ball up in their stance, they are setting themselves up for a fade. Trackman has gone over this as being quite true and that's where all that 'swinging left' business comes. Because the golfer moves the ball back in their stance, the Angle of Attack gets steeper. So if they have a path that is square to the target, it actually effectively becomes an inside-to-out path due to what's called the spin axis imparted on the ball. Conversely, if they move the ball up in the stance, their Angle of Attack becomes more shallow and that takes a path square to the target effectively become an outside-to-in path.

7-3 (Strokes - Basic)

Homer talks about the importance of the right elbow in the golf swing because of how much the right arm participates in the golf swing and the right elbow location dictates the type of right arm participation.

There are 3 Major Basic Strokes, all dependent on the 3 different elbow lcoations. Those elbow locations are known as pitch elbow, punch elbow and push elbow.

Because hitters use an 'angle of approach' and a swinger uses an 'arc of approach', their right forearm position at the top of the swing must differ. And because their right forearm position differs at the top of the swing, so does the location of their right elbow since the elbow is 'connected' to the forearm. Here's a Lynn Blake video explaining this.

So at the top of the swing, the right forearm is at about a 90* angle for a swinger and at about a 45* angle for a hitter (looking at the golfer from the DTL view)

Homer then gets into the 'right forearm on plane at impact', that's just having the right forearm and clubshaft in line with each other at impact.

Most high handicappers tend to have the right forearm above the clubshaft at impact. Most Tour pros have the right forearm 'on plane' at impact. Those who do not, usually have the right forearm just slightly above the plane and usually hit a fade.

Bending and Straightening the Right Elbow will RAISE AND LOWER the left Arm and/or COCK AND UNCOCK the Left Wrist without Bending, Flattening, or Cocking the Right Wrist. So, Right Elbow Action either powers and/or controls all three elements of Three Dimensional Impact. All this you will come to know as THE MAGIC OF THE RIGHT FOREARM.
This is a key quote. Like I mentioned earlier, there are *some* PGA Tour pros who do not have the right forearm on plane at impact

However, if you have your right forearm on plane at impact, you're much better off than not having your right forearm on plane at impact. My own golf swing focuses very much on the right elbow and the right forearm. If I'm a bit off in my swing, I usually work on where the right elbow and right forearm position is. My waggles at address are very focused on sensing and feeling the right elbow and right forearm. Swinger or a hitter, if you can sense the right elbow and right forearm and get those into some good positions and alignments, you're very close to 'getting there.'

7-4 (Strokes - Basic)

Stroke variations is the number of power accumulator the golfer uses in a particular stroke. There are 4 Power Accumulators and the number of accumulators used are termed as 'barrel' stroke. Thusly,

Single Barrel = 1 PA used
Double Barrel = 2 PA used
Triple Barrel = 3 PA used
Four Barrel = 4 PA used

Remember, the downswing sequence of release the PA's is #4-#1-#2-#3. However, only the hitter can *possibly* use all 4 PA's. The swinger can only use 3 PA's because they should not be using the #1 PA (folding and straightening of the right arm).

Homer states that it may appear golfers who do not use some Accumulators in their Stroke are actually using those PA's. But in actuality, the accumulators participation are 'negligible, incidental or minimal. Or their presence may be simply improper execution.

Homer states that full understanding and mastered skill in each power accumulator will allow the golfer to establish a correct execution of the accumulator and a proper sequencing of each accumulator. However, 'it is not at all necessary for the non-teaching player to know any more combinations than he finds useful to his own game.'

Just more customization and individualization from TGM.



Chip Putterman said...

Rich, I always considered myself as a "swinger". But upon looking at video of my swings I noted that my right forearm is at a 45° angle at the top of my swing. Should I think about becoming a "hitter"? It is physically difficult to put my forearm at a 90° angle. My typical shot pattern is a baby fade. Thanks.

Rich H. said...

There is really no mandatory components of the golf swing according to TGM outside of the 3 imperatives (and even Homer Kelley said that those are not exactly mandatory either).

Generally, you want to get all of the parts to match up. A swinger is probably best off with all swinger components. A hitter is probably best off with all hitter components. If you have some hitter components but you are a swinger, then you have to make some compensations for those components. And that can be okay.

The only thing I can think of off the top of my head that a hitter should not do is horizontal hinge, since they do not use CF in the golf swing. So I would check your hinge action first to see what you are. If it's horizontal, then you're a swinger. If it's angled, then you're more likely a hitter and you just don't know it.

If you are indeed a swinger, you may find going to hitting to be easier. Or you may want to change that forearm position at the top of the swing. I suggest if you want to do that, just feel like the #3 PP is under the grip at the top of the swing.

Anonymous said...

When Gary Player was on the Golf Channel, he also showed a picture of Tiger at impact, with his right elbow away from his body and right forearm off plane. In his example, Player showed Hogan at impact, with forearm on plane and forearm next to his body. Player said that this is what Tiger should be working on. Hard to argue with Tiger's results, but also hard to ignore someone like Player, who has educated eyes, and probably has done some deep thinking about the swing in his years and found what works.

Rich H. said...

I think Tiger's forearm above the plane at impact is one of his biggest issues. If he could get it on plane he'd be a lot more precise with his shots, particularly his driver off the tee. But from what I've been told, Tiger really doesn't like hitting draws unless he has to and having that right forearm above the plane almost ensures a fade.

Anonymous said...

So for a swinger at the top, is Lynn Blake saying that the pressure point moves from the right index finger PAD to the first KNUCKLE( finger orientation), and back of shaft to top of the shaft( shaft orientation)?

Rich H. said...

PP DOES NOT MOVE. It's still on the base joint, just with the swinger it's under the grip at the top of the swing whereas with the hitter it is more on the side of the shaft.

jandmmarlow said...

I disagree with Rich on this one.
I have talked at length with a couple of TGM teachers about the location of pp#3 throughout the swing.
They both told me that for swingers; pp #3 begins on the first pad of the index finger and then it the shaft rolls on the backswing so that pp#3 goes into the first joint. On the downswing it rolls the other direction, where if you are doing it right, it moves down the finger, over the pad to the 2nd joint through impact. Jeff, originator of the "perfect ball striker" that helps one feel pp#3, did say that it doesn't feel the same for everyone. But he did verify that the feeling I had (above) was correct.

Rich H. said...

Page 79 of TGM (6-C-1) says the following:

#3. The first joint of the Right Hand index finger where it touches the Clubshaft.

It may *feel* different, but the pressure point DOES NOT move according to Homer Kelley.